In Which Unseen Faith Transforms the Visible World
Faith is the primary virtue of the Mind. It enables us to base Decisions on Reasons, as well as to deduce Reasons from Decisions (axioms). It can be defined as “the ability to believe what is true — even when difficult.”
Faith is particularly needed by the Simple, who otherwise would only trust what they can touch and feel. Yet God’s invisible wisdom is in reality more powerful than all the armies of flesh and blood which rail against it. And thus pursuing that wisdom, in faith, is actually the most practical decision of all…
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Read Proverbs 8. Why do the Simple need Wisdom?
This famous chapter begins with a simple yet profound definition of faith [C.1]:
Faith is how we appropriate truths we can not see. It doesn’t take much faith to believe that the sky is blue or that a chair has four legs, since those facts are readily apparent. On the other hand, it requires faith in science to believe that the sky is blue due to the way invisible particles called “atoms” reflect light from the sun. For that matter, trusting that a particular chair is strong enough to support your weight is also act of faith — especially after Thanksgiving dinner!
Importantly, faith is not a mere intellectual belief, but the basis for making wise decisions [C.2]:
The reason this matters is that the most important things in the universe are not immediately obvious, and thus require faith:
This can be read as describing either scientific or spiritual truth, both of which:
- flow from God’s character (name)
- are generally not visible to our naked senses
- together uphold the world we live in
The secular spirit of the Enlightenment tried to divorce Faith from Reason by presenting them as independent and opposing forces, but in reality — when used wisely — they each depend on the other, and we need both (along with humility) to fully explore and understand God’s plan [C.3]:
The word “witness” here is the same as “testimony” above, and is actually the root of our word “martyr.” However, it could also be translated as “evidence”: our faith is not based merely on tradition or authority (though those have their place), but on the evidence of those who have gone before us and triumphed over death itself [C.4]:
In particular, our spiritual ancestors provide evidence of what kind of faith is necessary to please God — i.e., live according to His purpose for us. Specifically:
This is in fact a general principle: to apprehend any truth requires first believing that it a) exists, and b) is worth seeking. If you don’t believe there is such a thing as happiness, true love, or a good cup of coffee you will never make the effort to find any of them. That is why, somewhat paradoxically, we need to have faith that God exists before He can reveal Himself to us.
However, that does not mean that faith is groping blindly in the dark. Rather, we can follow the well-lit trail of those who preceded us:
7By faith Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to faith.
Though love ultimately ends by casting out fear (cf. I John 4:18), faith starts with holy fear — the same fear that is the beginning of wisdom: the awareness that God punishes those who scorn Him as surely as He rewards those who seek Him.
8By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as [in] a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise; 10for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker [is] God.
Faith is particularly important for us as foreigners in this world, for God wants us to share in conceiving…
11By faith Sarah herself also received strength to conceive seed, and she bore a child when she was past the age, because she judged Him faithful who had promised. 12Therefore from one man, and him as good as dead, were born [as many] as the stars of the sky in multitude–innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.
…a place we have never been nor seen, which is nonetheless our true home:
13These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off were assured of them, embraced [them] and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. 14For those who say such things declare plainly that they seek a homeland. 15And truly if they had called to mind that [country] from which they had come out, they would have had opportunity to return.
The Simple desire to preserve the comfortable world they know — or at least imagine they remember; but the Wise seek by faith a place that never was, yet God has prepared for us:
Though getting there requires letting go of what is most precious to us in this life:
17By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises offered up his only begotten [son], 18of whom it was said, “In Isaac your seed shall be called,” 19concluding that God [was] able to raise [him] up, even from the dead, from which he also received him in a figurative sense.
As well as passing that faith down to others:
20By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.
21By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, [leaning] on the top of his staff.
22By faith Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel, and gave instructions concerning his bones.
This is seen most dramatically in the life of Moses, who was born in faith:
23By faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden three months by his parents, because they saw [he] [was] a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s command.
And later chose to appropriate that faith for Himself — at great cost:
24By faith Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin, 26esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt; for he looked to the reward. 27By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as seeing Him who is invisible.
Which in turn led to deliverance and victory for the Israelites:
28By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, lest he who destroyed the firstborn should touch them.
29By faith they passed through the Red Sea as by dry [land], [whereas] the Egyptians, attempting [to do] so, were drowned.
30By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they were encircled for seven days.
And even to Gentiles (like us) who believe:
Which is just scratching the surface of those who turned their worlds upside down (or rather, right-side up):
32And what more shall I say? For the time would fail me to tell of Gideon and Barak and Samson and Jephthah, also [of] David and Samuel and the prophets: 33who through faith subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 34quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned to flight the armies of the aliens. 35Women received their dead raised to life again.
Though not every story ends quite so happily [C.6]:
Others were tortured, not accepting deliverance, that they might obtain a better resurrection. 36Still others had trial of mockings and scourgings, yes, and of chains and imprisonment. 37They were stoned, they were sawn in two, were tempted, were slain with the sword. They wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented– 38of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, [in] dens and caves of the earth.
It is a wonderful thing to have a conquering faith that brings victory in this life, but even more glorious to have an enduring faith that continues even beyond death:
The sobering truth is that the blessings we enjoy today are built upon the faith of countless souls who suffered and died without seeing the fruits of their labors.
What legacy of faith do we need to leave to those who come after us?
- What are some of your favorite descriptions or illustrations of faith?
- Share about a leap of faith that changed the course of your life.
- Do you ever see conflict between “faith” and “reason”? Why or why not?
- What evidence have you witnessed that gives you a reason for faith?
- Describe some of the people who passed their faith down to you.
- When has walking in faith caused you or those you love to suffer?
- Repentance: What might be the “Isaac” God is calling you to sacrifice in order to receive a deeper faith?
- Action: Where can you seek God more diligently, in faith that He’ll reward you?
- Worship: Thank God for the “heavenly country” He has prepared for you.
For next week, read Romans 5. Why does hope not disappoint, even amidst suffering?
Back to Virtue by Peter Kreeft:
- 5.A (Faith) The Three Theological Virtues
Foundations of Wisdom by Dick Hockett:
- 4. The Simple
- Blue Letter Bible. “Hebrews 11 – New King James Version.” Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2009. 02 Jan 2009. < http://www.blueletterbible.org/Bible.cfm?t=NKJV&b=Hbr&c=11 >